Plain, rectangular-shaped pianos. The label Johannes Zumpe, Londini is visible in the image.

Plain, compact instruments like this changed the fortunes of the piano. For the first time, the growing middle classes could afford an instrument that previously graced only the homes of the wealthy. Johann Christian Bach wrote music for the Zumpe square piano, boosting its appeal. The instrument was also used in performances at early concert halls like St Cecilia’s.

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